Saturday, August 22, 2020

Introduction and Conclusion Strategies free essay sample

Expanding fearless, including companions and accomplice, remedying verbal and non-verbal inoculation, having experience to confront surprising circumstance to talk inferno of open, expanding accomplishment in profession, and conveying feeling. Discourse as a piece of correspondence has its own structure so as to cause the plans to can be moved without any problem. Moreover Else and Paperbacks (1970, p. 28-30) noticed that plot structure of discourse Include three separate yet Integrated parts : the start, center, and end. Conceptual part contains of the outline of the discourse and gives the crowd a feeling of what they are going to receive.Body contains of materials that speaker is going to liver for the crowd, and end contains of sum up of the discourse. Penthouse each part has their own significant focuses, yet a few segments get more consideration than others segment on account of the manner in which individuals tune in. For example, Lucas (2009) brings up that the primary goal In crowds consideration Is theoretical. We will compose a custom exposition test on Presentation and Conclusion Strategies or then again any comparable theme explicitly for you Don't WasteYour Time Recruit WRITER Just 13.90/page In conceptual segment, speaker can pick up the most noteworthy consideration of the crowd since they are generally fit to be educated, convinced, and entertained.The second need is end on the grounds that the audience may trust a rousing shutting which can transform them. The last need is body on the grounds that the consideration of audience will all over in this area. The presentation and end part show up in each discourse on the grounds that the greater part of the audience members give their consideration In Introduction and end, speaker needs to think about certain techniques of Introduction and end to catch eye of the crowd to make his/her discourse can be conveyed easily.Lucas (2009) discussed 4 sorts of methodologies in presentation of discourse, that is relating the theme to the crowd, expressing the significance of your subject, frightening the crowd, stirring the interest odd crowd, asking the crowd, utilizing a citation, and recounting to a story. He additionally referenced 6 sorts of techniques In finish of discourse, that is flagging the finish of the discourse, strengthening the focal Idea, summing up discourse, finishing with citation, offering a sensational expression, and alluding to the Introduction.Astute (201 1 ) likewise discussed 7 sorts odd procedures in presentation of discourse, that is utilizing grabber, making a Quip, utilizing citation, recounting to a story, utilizing games, utilizing measurement information, and utilizing visual guides. She likewise referenced 5 sorts of systems in finish of discourse, cap are summing up each point in body segment, making an understood and brief shutting sentence, utilizing a non-serious inquiry, utilizing a citation, offering a rehashed expression. Barack Obama convey more than one discourse In a day utilizing numerous sort of his talks so as to ensure that his thought can be conveyed clearly.It is fascinating that each and every word from his discourse become a point to co nvince numerous individuals on the grounds that Barack Obama likewise utilized those techniques. His discourse in each event become a consideration of individuals in numerous nations. Thornton wrote in arteriosclerosis. Com about the investigation of Beams discourse, miss We Can . He investigated pillars discourse and found that Obama utilized an exciting the crowds interest in his presentation by giving a sentence which told the crowd that there is something that must be changed. This methodology allude to the presentation technique by Lucas.Obama additionally utilized stories to convey the issues of his discourse by utilizing a tale about Dunking Donuts representative allude to the issue of human reverberating. This techniques allude to the system by Astute. In light of the writing and clarification survey over, the essayist is keen on examining the presentation and end systems utilized in Beams addresses entitle The Analysis of Introduction and Conclusion Strategies Used in Beams Speeches 2. Issue The issue definition of this last report are as per the following: * What are the presentation and end systems utilized in Beams talks? . Reason and advantage The motivation behind this composing is : * To think about the presentation and end utilized in Beams discourses. The advantage of this last report are : * To expand the scholars information about presentation and end techniques utilized in Beams talks. * To offer commitment to English Department about the presentation and end systems in discourse. To be a valuable reference in investigating presentation and end procedures utilized in Beams discourse. 4.In the other hand, Silage (2009) characterize open talking as correspondence practice of a speaker imparting thoughts to a reason that open talking is a correspondence method of sharing thoughts before individuals through discourse so as to convey data or adjust someones view or assessments. B. Discourse Types Tone (2010) states that discourse has 4 unique sorts dependent on its motivation : influential discourse, educational discourse, motivation discourse, and engaging discourse. * Persuasive discourse implies that the basic role is to impact the reasoning or conduct of the audience.In request for the crowd to be happy to hear you out they need to like you, regard you and trust you. They should have the option to relate to you here and there and you need to give them a motivation behind why they ought to tune in to what you need to state. * Informative discourse implies that the object is to show the crowd something new or to grow their current information. It might mean presenting them to a subject or thought they know nothing about, telling them the best way to utilize a bit of gear, or helping them become familiar with another expertise. Motivation discourse implies that the rest of a moving discourse is to request that your crowd improve in one of a few different ways , actually, inwardly, expertly, or profoundly. The rousing speaker depends more on enthusiastic intrigue than intelligent intrigue. The speaker is endeavoring to interface with the individual audience members sentiments. The speaker clarifies why and how the circumstance is changing or why their present feelings, fears or objectives might be deficient or counterproductive. Rousing speakers propel the crowd and challenge them to accomplish more at a more significant level and indicate the advantages they can expect on the off chance that they do so.Entertaining discourse implies that the speaker will introduce a genuine point in calm hilarious key. The speaker should be an artist when he/she is doing an engaging discourse. On the off chance that its expected to be clever, at that point your mentality must be fun and cheerful. The speakers essential objective is to ensure that the crowd makes some incredible memories. C. The structure of Speech Lucas (2009) states that there are 3 sections in structure of discourse, there are unique, body, and end. Every part have distinctive capacity in speech.The dynamic part contains of a presentation of the subject of the discourse. The body part is the longest ND point by point part in discourse, it is contains of the supporting materials identified with the theme. The end contains of the rundown of the point. Penthouse each part has their own significant focuses, yet some segment get more consideration than others segment in view of the manner in which individuals tune in. Lucas (2009) demonstrates that audience members have the accompanying needs: * First need Abstract : You can depend on audience members most prominent physical and mental consideration at the beginning of the speech.They are generally fit to be educated, convinced, or engaged. Utilize this chance to make a decent impression and dont waste the opportunity. Second need Conclusion : You have the second most noteworthy consideration toward the finish of the discourse. The crowd needs the genuine feeling of completion. On a progressively fundamental level, they may seeking after a moving close since they alienist plain burnt out on sitting. * Third need Body : You have the audience members most reduced consideration in the discourse. It isn't that the audience engaged as they are at starting and end.D. Acquaintance According with Nordstrom, presentation is the opening of article and discourse, which regularly distinguishes the theme, stirs intrigue, and readies the crowd for the plush of proposal. Presentation assumes a unique job in making exposition or discourse ability. In making exposition, presentation needs quite a bit of scholars consideration. A decent presentation in article ought to distinguish the theme, give basic setting, and show the specific focal point of the paper. These significant focuses likewise should be considered in speech.There are four significant capacity of presentation in discourse, it is gain the consideration and enthusiasm of the crowd, gain the generosity of the crowd, unmistakably express the reason for the discourse for the crowd, and review the discourse for crowd. The initial two capacity is to make the crowd need to tune in to the speaker and the other two capacity is to enable the crowd to tune in to the speaker. By observing the significance of presentation in discourse, some master, for example, Stephen Lucas and Astute point out a few methodologies that can be utilized by a speaker to cause first experience with become additionally intriguing for the crowd. E.The Introduction methodologies in Speech Lucas (2009) calls attention to 1 presentation procedures utilized in discourse, they are: 1. Get consideration and enthusiasm For a procedure of getting consideration and enthusiasm from the crowd, there are a few disasters which help the crowd to made up for lost time in your discourse, they are: a. Relate the subject to the crowd People focus on the things that influence them legitimately. On the off chance that you can relate the theme to the crowd, they are considerably more to be keen on it. B. Express the significance of your theme Begin the discourse by telling the crowd how significant the point that you will convey. . Alarm the crowd One surefire approach to stir intrigue rapidly is to frighten the crowd with a capturing or interesting articulation. D. Stir the interest of the crowd One approach to bring them into your discourse is

Wednesday, July 15, 2020

Handwriting vs Typing

Handwriting vs Typing Our Brains Benefit from Handwriting Home›Education Posts›Our Brains Benefit from Handwriting Education PostsWhy You Should Write by HandNowadays, everyone has technology dependence, and it seems like many of us have keyboards attached to our fingertips most of the time. When did you write anything by hand? Do you remember? According to the research, our brains benefit greatly from handwriting. Here are several ways in which writing by hand helps your brain.It Has a Calming EffectWhen you are writing a soothing sentence, you exercise a kind of graphotherapy. By writing affirmations like, “I am becoming serene” for thirty times daily you will feel the calming effect. You will become more placid and as such an exercise rewires the brain.It Coordinates the Hemispheres of Your BrainBy writing words or sentences by hand, you coordinate your brain’s hemispheres. But each of us uses both parts of our brains with the different depth.It Boosts LearningOne of major handwriting benefi ts is that it greatly increases our success in studying and acquiring new information. This is because the process stimulates the brain’s Reticular Activating System. This part of brain filters all the incoming information and prioritizes things in your immediate focus while you are writing. According to the recent studies, the areas of the brain which are related to learning are stimulated much more when we are jotting down the information rather than simply concentrating on it.It Keeps You FocusedYou will probably agree that your laptop is a master at wasting your time. You are constantly distracting while trying to work on computer. Sure, there are numerous great things about the internet, as well. However, if you find yourself checking your Facebook or Pinterest every 10 minutes, try working on your academic paper with a pen and paper and write by hand. You will definitely appreciate the lack of distractions which are common on the Internet.It Keeps Aging Minds SharpWriting by hand is a great option for baby boomers  striving to save their minds’ sharpness as they age. Handwriting helps to keep the mind bright and to solidify memories. So if you want to sharpen the aging mind and boost your memories, try keeping a handwritten journal.It Enhances MemoryProbably, taking notes on your laptop is quicker and more convenient, but have you thought that writing down those notes improves your ability to remember all that information later? Many studies show that writing by hand better enhances memory. Among developing children, those ones who write by hand have much stronger memory.It Activates Your BrainWriting by hand stimulates you to use more of your brain. The parts of brain which are responsible for reading are stimulated only with handwriting. The key difference here is movement, which engages the motor cortex of brain so you are activating bigger area of your brain while writing by hand.

Thursday, May 21, 2020

Is A Doll’s House a suitable title for the play Essay

Is A Doll’s House a suitable title for the play Is ‘A Doll’s House’ a suitable title for the play? Refer to act one, and the language of the characters. Ibsen’s use of language creates a suitable title ‘A Doll’s House’. This title represents and relates to the whole play. ‘A Doll’s House’ relates to power, it represents a doll being played with and owned. This doll is controlled; its every move is depicted. The title is significant to society and entrapment within the house. Ibsen represents Nora as a doll. Nora therefore reacts in the same way as a doll, trapped in a house. Helmer has power over Nora and treats her as a doll, his doll. A doll’s house can look good and perfectly innocent on the outside, but how about the†¦show more content†¦When Helmer calls Nora pet names, she reacts to this and acts like a pet. â€Å"My little squanderbird†. She does whatever the ‘master’ tells her to do. Nora goes against Helmer’s rules; she gets a loan without Helmer knowing. â€Å"He’s proud of being a man†. Nora knows that if Helmer was to get a loan or be in debt, he’ll be very ashamed. He will be socially embarrassed. People were meant to conform to their stereotypes and behave in a conventional manner. His social status is important to him. He understands the norms and values of society. Ibsen’s father himself suffered from these financial problems and social embarrassment of owing to poverty. This shows that Nora has an untruthful marriage and the traditional masculine traits. This relates to the stereotyped idea in society that a girl plays with a doll and a ‘doll’s house’, whilst the boy takes on more masculine activities. Helmer has power over Nora; again treating Nora like a doll. â€Å"My little bird mustn’t droop her wings†. Helmer can be patronising at times. Nora and Helmer’s relationship is like that of a father and daughters, Nora depends on Helmer and needs approval. Like a dolls movement depends on the child. Helmer and Nora both know their roles within the family; however Nora does go against it. Although Helmer has power over Nora, Nora likes the attention, and plays up to Helmer. Helmer isShow MoreRelatedAnalysis Of Henrik Ibsen s A Doll s House 1523 Words   |  7 PagesIbsen’s A Doll’s House, the matriarchy and patriarchy presented in the play sets a sense of disarray, as each of the characters had fathers who were ultimately either failures, never present in their lives, or were the failed father’s themselves. Although the lack of patriarchy is not a predominant symbol, it is a significant symbol as almost every character is affected. Patriarchy and fatherhood are generally associated with dependence, affection, and trust. However, throughout the play the fathersRead More Analysis Of Ibsens A Dolls House Essay1839 Words   |  8 PagesA Doll House A critical Analysis When Nora slammed the door shut in her dolls house in 1879, her message sent shockwaves around the world that persist to this day. I must stand quite alone, Nora declared after finding out that her ideal of life was just a imagination of her and that all her life had been build up by others peoples, specifically her husband and her dad ideas, opinions and tastes. Nora is the pampered wife of an aspiring bank manager Torvald Halmer. In a desperate attemptRead MoreAnalysis of Doll House Play Essay1916 Words   |  8 PagesMrs. Mary Rorke English 102 1st Nov. 2005 A Doll House A critical Analysis When Nora slammed the door shut in her dolls house in 1879, her message sent shockwaves around the world that persist to this day. I must stand quite alone, Nora declared after finding out that her ideal of life was just a imagination of her and that all her life had been build up by others peoples, specifically her husband and her dad ideas, opinions and tastes. Nora is the pampered wifeRead MoreEssay Prompts4057 Words   |  17 Pagessaid, â€Å"Literature is the question minus the answer.† Choose a novel or play and, considering Barthes’ Observation, write an essay in which you analyze a central question the work raises and the extent to which it offers any answers. Explain how the author’s treatment of this question affects your understanding of the work as a whole. Avoid mere plot summary. You may select a work from the list below or another novel or play of comparable literary merit. Alias Grace Middlemarch All the King’sRead MoreThe Epithet in the Novel Jane Eyre18849 Words   |  76 PagesPhonetic Expressive Means and Stylistic Devices. The most powerful expressive means of any language are phonetic. As it is clear from the title, the stylistic use of phonemes and their graphical representation is viewed here. The stylistic approach to the utterance is not confined to its structure and sense. There is another thing to be taken into account which plays an important role. This is the way a word, a phrase or a sentence sounds. The sound of most words taken separately will have little or

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Music And Music Essay - 893 Words

â€Å"The purpose of music is to touch hearts† (Johann Sebastian Bach). Music is a reflection of life, and feelings. Throughout the years music has played a very important part in every human culture, both past and present. The question is why, what does it do to people, and what makes music so special? In this essay I hope to answer these questions and explain just how music affects the brain and its benefits. Music affects the brain in many ways, but here are the three most important things music does to the brain, music can improve your mood, enhance learning, and help various mood and brain disorders. One important way music affects the brain is by improving your mood. Have you ever been feeling down and turn on your favorite song and it†¦show more content†¦For example, while studying for a important test or doing homework try listening to classical music, studies show that listening to classical music can actually help you study, help you memorize things, and re duce stress. Music has also been shown to help children as well, according to Alban, Deane, â€Å"Children with musical training do better in subjects like language, reading, and math and have better fine motor skills than their non-musical classmates.† There has even been studies that music is good for babies in the womb. Unborn babies exposed to music in the womb showed improvement on their overall mental, behavioral,sensory, and psychological development (Raja, Debolina). It seems like no matter what age, music is a great at enhancing your ability to learn. Playing a musical instrument has even more benefits, taking a music lesson no matter the instrument for thirty minutes or more can increase blood flow to the left hemisphere of your brain (Alban, Deane). Seniors can also benefit from music, studies show that seniors who sing, dance, play an instrument, and listen to music are more likely to rake in physical, psychological, and social benefits (Alban, Deane). It is neve r too late to reap the benefits of music and its never to early. Evidently music affects the brain by enhancing learning. The last important way music affects the brain is by helping various mood and brain disorders. Music therapy has been used forShow MoreRelated Rap Music Is Not Music Essay1786 Words   |  8 PagesRap Music Is Not Music Describing the (disenchanting) chanting of â€Å"Rap Music† as singing or as music is indeed (in either case) a capital misnomer. Real Music is the careful arrangement of organized sounds in the form of notes that then result in a smooth blend of rhythm, tone, and pitch that when united, is quite pleasing to the ear. Rap is not music. The unpleasant-sounding horror is chaotic dissonance and certainly not elegant consonance. Rap is veritable noise pollution that is tastelesslyRead More Music Essay635 Words   |  3 Pages The beauty of music is found in every soul† were the words of my grandmother. She always managed to bring music into every aspect of her life; whether it was ordinary housework or religious functions, she was ready to sing at any time. Her music was not the only part of her life; she was also the mother of six children and the wife of a prominent farmer. Although her life was complicated and, at many times, unbearable, music was never forsaken; it was o ne of her treasures. Through her and her treasureRead More Music Essay936 Words   |  4 PagesAlthough he only lived to age 35, Mozart is regarded as a prominent musical genius. Basso continuo, or figured bass, was purely an instrumental concept. It is music that is played by one or more bass instruments and a keyboard instrument. Basso continuo gave bass parts an importance of their own in all areas of ensemble music. It is one of the most distinct features of the Baroque Era as a whole. The third movement in the classical sonata was called the menuetto or minuet. It was writtenRead More Music Essay1056 Words   |  5 PagesMusic Hip-Hop Getting a Bad Rap Among many problems in society today, rap music is being blamed for the confusion of Americas youths. One key problem is the way a child is raised. Not having a positive role model can have a powerful effect on a child. The other dilemma is the type of rap music. Gangster rappers lyrics seem to corrupt and have a negative image on a youths mind. Two possible steps to taking the blame away from rap music is by placing the spotlight on other influences suchRead MoreEssay Outline on Music1308 Words   |  6 PagesEssay Outline I. II. People do not choose to be influenced by music, as music is scientifically influential to the human brain. Olteteanu, Ion. The formative function of musical interactions within social identity. Geopolitics, History, and International Relations 3.1 (2011): 215+. Academic OneFile. Web. 17 Jan. 2013. We turn to music, we need it, because of its ability to move us, to induce feelings and moods, states of mind. â€Å"Bures notes that the human brain is uniquely configuredRead MoreDefining Music Essay614 Words   |  3 PagesNic Giordano Comp 1 Definition Essay Music Music; Indefinable by words alone. It is not only something you can hear but what you can feel. It is something your soul is able to reach out and touch. Music also has the power to bring us as humans, together. It is one language spoken by all cultures, sexes, races, age and religions. Music also controls our emotions; it makes us happy, sad, angry, relaxed, etc. We also can express ourselves through music. It can affect our personality.. Read MoreMusic and Film Essays991 Words   |  4 Pages Exam 1 Essay Portion 1) Describe the three basic types of music heard in original scores during the silent film era and cites specific examples from The Birth of a Nation. (10 points) Music is an important form of art; it has always been utilized by each and every culture for entertainment purpose. Earlier in the silent film era, music was generally not included in the films but played in the beginning or at the end to entertain the audience. Later music was used in the form of backgroundRead MoreMusic Industry Essay1009 Words   |  5 PagesMusic Industry Essay Introduction A i: I am going to be looking at the music publishing companies Universal Music Group, Inc. (UMG), one of the biggest major labels in the music industry and Beggars Group Limited, (BGL), a powerful UK independent label. UMG own and administrate VEVO and in recent news Google Inc. is reportedly looking at investing a 10% stake worth  £42million. The deal has not yet been signed but it is said that it will include a renewal agreement that will see VEVORead More Multiculturalism In Music Essay1450 Words   |  6 Pages examples from the past and present shows that these stereotypes are untrue. Music is defined as â€Å"The art of organizing tones to produce a coherent sequence of sounds to elicit an aesthetic response in a listener† (Morris, 864). This country’s youth is unlike any others, we have much control over what we do, and music is something that evolves around all of us. In this essay, I will discuss the evolution of youth music ranging from early rock, to today’s hip hop stars, from a muliculturalistic pointRead MoreEssay on Music in the Sixties1140 Words   |  5 PagesMusic in the Sixties My topic is Music in the Sixties. In my essay I would like to determine that events that occurred during the 1960’s had a significant effect on some of the music that was produced. I believe that certain music and musical events derived from peoples feelings and views on things that occurred during the 60’s. Some of these events include the Vietnam War, the Civil Rights Movement, politics, and society as a whole. There were many different stereotypes and prejudices. There

Discuss the ideal knowledge management environment Free Essays

In today’s increasing competitive environment and the new economy of brick and click enterprises, knowledge management (KM) can be considered as a business integration discipline which endeavours, ‘to improve the performance of individuals and organisations by maintaining and leveraging the present and future value of knowledge assets’ (Newman, B. , ; Conrad, K. W. We will write a custom essay sample on Discuss the ideal knowledge management environment or any similar topic only for you Order Now , 1999, p. 2). While people have criticised information and knowledge management as the same thing, knowledge management is not a new practice but rather the interpretations of knowledge management and its frameworks have incessantly changed. Successful brick and click enterprises are those which frequently management knowledge and recognises knowledge as a source and integration tool to driving the growth and sustainability of business disciplines, and hence acknowledges the high uncertainties of change ‘between the input resources and the business performance outcomes, and, the gaps between the value these enterprises create and the value demanded by changing market conditions, consumer preferences, competitive offerings, changing business models, and, industry structures’ (Malhorta, Y. 2004). However, the knowledge creation process does not necessarily lead to business improvements or value creation (Chen, C. J. , ; Huang, J. W. , 2007), but more on how knowledge is handled, circulated and applied within a virtual environment, enabling knowledge flows between the individual and its organisational culture. Therefore, it is the purpose of this essay to discuss the ideal environment, in which value can only be created when knowledge is dispersed and adequately applied where needed by use of knowledge management methods; furthermore it will acknowledge that a ‘well-developed knowledge management system would stimulate the creativity of each employee by providing exactly the knowledge that employee needs to be optimally creative’ (Finneran, T. Online, No Date). You can read also Portfolio Management Quizzes In the new maturing economy the management of knowledge is a critical factor for the success and competitive advantage of any organisation; as is the generating of new knowledge to fulfil organisational objectives and to achieve greater business optimisation. According to Resnick, L. M. , (2004, p. 87), as contemporary organisations evolve to a more virtual structure, they lose and gain relationships among employees, managers, customers and suppliers on an irregular basics; and without practical management, the knowledge created through these relationships will be lost. Therefore, assembling an ‘effective knowledge management will enable organisations to protect themselves from the losses experienced when employees and partners terminate their relationship with the company’ (Resnick, L. M. , 2004, p. 288). Business Management Study Guide iframe class="wp-embedded-content" sandbox="allow-scripts" security="restricted" style="position: absolute; clip: rect(1px, 1px, 1px, 1px);" src="" data-secret="tcPWSM1wUf" width="500" height="282" title="#8220;Business Management Study Guide#8221; #8212; Free Essays -" frameborder="0" marginwidth="0" marginheight="0" scrolling="no"/iframe While experts have argued that information and/or knowledge management practices is not only about the administration of information, but rather entails management requirements for knowledge management systems to be integrated to all aspects of the virtual environment; a well-constructed knowledge management system will impede the production and collaboration of creativity across all organisational subunits. Finneran, T. (Online, No date) describes knowledge management in a nut shell where ‘Knowledge Management envisions getting the Right Information within the Right Context to the Right Person at the Right Time for the Right Business Purpose’. This view suggests the ideal environment in which individuals or group knowledge should be effectively communicated across all organisational divisions in ways which directly impact on business performance. Essentially, the ideal knowledge management environment will cultivate and take advantage of existing and new knowledge through the implementation and combination of KM methodologies, best practices, frameworks, and technologies that will ultimately stimulate the development of creativity and innovative ideas of human beings. In essence, the basic concept of knowledge management is about sharing knowledge to leverage existing knowledge, stimulate innovation and to achieve operational effectiveness. As KM matures many companies will start to look at KM with a more holistic approach, but ‘research shows that although many companies have begun to develop some sort of knowledge management capabilities, very few (6%) have implemented knowledge management programs on an enterprise-wide scale’ (Kidwell, J. J. , Vander Linde, K. M. , ; Johnson, S. L. , 2000, p. 30). The conception on KM best practises should not primarily focus on one single type of initiative for competitive advantage, but instead centre around building on the core business capabilities and processes around knowledge sharing. For instance, knowledge sharing can be achieved through the creation of a knowledge community aimed to capture knowledge from individuals and store in teams and the organisation; taking an institutional global approach in facilitating knowledge as needed and in breaking down the cultural barriers between organisation and its customers. Finneran, T. , (Online, No Date) suggest that ‘practitioners of Knowledge Management have found that a critical success factor in the implementation of knowledge management is the creation of a cultural environment that encourages the sharing of information’. Knowledge communities can be viewed as ‘Global communities of interest’ which stimulates virtual and global interactions through common categories of interest, which are not bounded and tied up to by physical and organisational impediments. Several KM best practices and trends have emerged over the last few years and are forecasted to shape the way knowledge is to be managed. It includes the materialisation of technology solutions, the union of knowledge management with e-business, movement from limited KM projects to enterprise-wide project and increasing the use of KM to enhance innovation and of tactic knowledge rather than explicit knowledge. (Kidwell, J. J. , Vander Linde, K. M. , ; Johnson, S. L. , 2000, p. 29). Generally, knowledge can be very difficult to codify and can also be very highly subjective. Two type of knowledge which is recognised in KM are explicit and tactic, and when applied productively within an organisation it can help to increase competitive advantage through innovation and knowledge sharing. Ideally, tactic knowledge would better guide actions and make better informed decisions based on the ability utilise on perception, hands-on skills, experiences, know-hows, insights and so on. Tactic knowledge is personal, difficult to formalise, communicate and transfer; ultimately it is knowledge that is embedded within people in an organisation. Seonghee, K. , (1999) suggests that KM best practices draw on tactic knowledge for creativity and ‘ensures tasks effectiveness – that the right things are being done so that work unit could attain its objectives. It also provides for a kind of creative robustness — intuition and heuristic can often tackle tough problems that would otherwise be difficult to solve’. Functionally, knowledge management frameworks offer a myriad of possibilities for organisations and help to build the integrity of knowledge dispersal and application within an organisation, providing the countless benefits in applying a KM framework which builds on the concept of knowledge management in specifics to the organisational environment, its business processes and activities. With the paradigm shift and phenomenon of the need and understanding of knowledge management over the last several years, many experts have proposed a number of approaches to KM frameworks, each of which have only addressed certain aspects of knowledge management. Holsapple, C. W. , and Joshi, K. D. , (1999, p. ) broadly classifies KM frameworks into two categories; descriptive frameworks which attempts to characterise the nature of the KM phenomena with additional sub categories including board and specific frameworks to describe the whole of the KM phenomena, and prescriptive frameworks stipulates the methodologies for performing knowledge management. For instances, the ‘Core Capabilities and Knowledge Building’ framework initiated by Leonard-Barton, D. (1995), and as described in Holsapple, C. W. , and Joshi, K. D. , (1999, p. 2) paper, focuses on the profundity in the characterisation of the KM phenomenon and therefore categorising it as a board framework. This KM framework introduced by Leonard-Barton (1995), encompasses four knowledge building activities that encircle the four core capabilities, which Leonard-Barton asserts is central to a knowledge based organisation (KBO). The four knowledge building activities aimed at knowledge creation and diffusion are acknowledged in the framework as: shared and creative problem solving, implementing and integrating new methodologies and tools, experimenting and prototyping, and importing and absorbing technologies from outside of the firm’s knowledge. In addition, Leonard-Barton expresses that these four knowledge building activities are influenced by the core capabilities identified in the framework as being: the physical systems such as databases, employee knowledge and skills, managerial systems such as rewards and incentives systems, and the organisational values and norms (Holsapple, C. W. , Joshi, K. D. , 1999, p. 2). This framework is used to better understand knowledge management and its characteristics of the implication in a KBO environment. Thus, the dynamic perspective on KM frameworks does not end with knowledge as a final solution, but instead emphasises on the continuous growth, renewal, exchange and communication processes. Hence KM frameworks can offer a structure, ‘for balancing the myriad of technologies and approaches that provide value, tying them together into a seamless whole. It helps analysts and designers better address the interests of stakeholders across interrelated knowledge flows and, by doing so, better enables individuals, systems and organisations to exhibit truly intelligent behavior in multiple contexts’ (Newman, B. Conrad, K. W. , 1999, p. 2). ‘Organisations are already realising that it does no good to have robust technology solutions if the existing culture prevents knowledge sharing, and conversely that it does little good to have pockets of robust knowledge sharing without some technological means of making knowledge widely accessible’ (Kidwell, J. J. , Vander Lin de, K. M. , Johnson, S. L. , 2000, p. 30). Therefore, it should not be assumed that technology is the enabler of KM, but should be perceived as a vehicle for driving the concept of ‘knowledge diffusion’ in a KM environment. Nowadays, the outlook of promising technological tools for KM can help to support and improve the process of knowledge transfer. Technological tools such as, search engines, storage media, groupware, web-based platforms, portals, emails and basic collaborative tools can help to facilitate and assist individuals and groups in the creation, retention and the diffusion of knowledge. Increasingly, the use of portals is being implemented in many corporate environments for the convenient storage of meta-data, and integration of collaborative tools, emails, into one application. Kidwell, J. J. , Vander Linde, K. M. , Johnson, S. L. , (2000, p. 30) also makes an interesting statement which suggests ‘As organizations share their lessons learned about implementing knowledge management programs, some are discovering the interdependent nature of KM capabilities. They are finding that a balanced portfolio of knowledge management initiatives yields the best results and that excelling at technology-related capabilities does not preclude excelling at people- or process-related capabilities’. Additionally, as more brick and click enterprises grow, the harder it becomes to determine what technological tools, KM methods, and best practices are to be utilised in determining the needs of individuals, groups and the organisational culture, but ‘once sound strategies based on these essential principles are articulated, the requisite technologies are chosen, and information platforms and technology architectures are built accordingly’, though it may sound simple it can not always guarantee the successful deployment of a KM system (Riley, T. B. , 2003, p. 4). In a learning environment KM should not be based on a technocentric approach to creating the ideal KM environment; but instead use technology as a facilitator to simulate knowledge sharing and creativity for the development of innovation. The virtual enterprise should aspire to revolutionise itself into a knowledge-based environment which continually should aim to create, acquire and transfer knowledge to the right person when and where required. In creating the ideal KM environment there are many tools, methods, frameworks, and techniques which can be applied in stimulating the creativity of each employee. However, the assortments of KM methodologies which can be found through examples of other virtual organisations and case studies, does not necessarily lead to business improvements or value creation when applied to one’s own virtual enterprise; but more on how knowledge created is disseminated and applied across the organisational culture, between individuals and teams. In summary, KM is fast becoming a chief factor for organisations in determining their competitive advantage, and without a well-developed KM system or knowledge creation process will render the organisation from succeeding. How to cite Discuss the ideal knowledge management environment, Papers

Saturday, April 25, 2020

King Stephen of Hungary free essay sample

Life career of leader crowned in 1000 A.D. Looking at religion, politics, rise to power, national unification, canonization and succession issues. This paper is a biography of Stephen, crowned as the first king of Hungary on Christmas Day, 1000 AD. His coronation consolidated a collection of battling tribes into a recognized kingdom, aligned with the Roman pope. His monarchy lasted more than 900 years. Stephen, known as Istvan to his countrymen, established a series of reforms that set the pattern for Hungarys government. He also aggressively turned the nation into a Catholic country, wiping out the vestiges of paganism into which he himself was born. After his death, he was canonized as a Catholic saint, cementing recognition of his lasting influence in establishing Hungary as an important European power. During the period at the end of the 10th century, Christianity had begun to take root throughout Europe. Though paganism was still strong, the world around the Hungarians. We will write a custom essay sample on King Stephen of Hungary or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page .